Date: August 16, 2017 02:05PM
I suspect your high school English teacher was not a Calvinist but was, instead, teaching you canned information ABOUT Calvinism. If that is the case, what you learned from your teacher is almost certainly a caricature of Calvinism and in no way accurate. My daughter was similarly taught about Calvinism from an English text book in school. Everything she was taught was just plain wrong. So much so that I visited the teacher to correct the errors. They were teaching lies.
Likewise, I suspect the books you've read ABOUT Calvinism are written by people who either openly oppose the Doctrines of Grace (i.e. Calvinism) or just don't understand it. That is certainly true if you came away with the impression that Calvinism teaches that prosperity is a sign that God favors you. The, so called, "Prosperity Gospel" is diametrically opposed to the ACTUAL teachings in Calvinism.
If you want to know how Calvinists regard that kind of teaching I recommend you check out John Piper or John MacArthur, two prominent and current pastors who subscribe to the Doctrines of Grace.
John Piper can be viewed here:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jLRue4nwJaA
John MacArthur here:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDuDN2FtrIo
Better yet, read some primary source material of Calvinist teaching. Some authors who would be helpful are: Charles Haddon Spurgeon, R.C Sproul, John Piper, John MacArthur. Read about Calvinism from people who hold to that view. That will insure you get a fair presentation of the beliefs and not the skewed perspective of someone who opposes it.
What you will find is that the Doctrines of Grace are ALL about the work of Jesus Christ and how HE (not worldly wealth) is our treasure.