Oliver Cowdery never retracted his accusation against Joseph Smith of Smith having had an adulterous affair with teenager Fanny Alger. How could he? The raunchy record, please...

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  • user warning: Table './exmo_08072012/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: UPDATE cache_filter SET data = '<p>by steve benson Dec 2011</p>\n<p>Smith\'s first known sexual affair was with a teenager named Fannie Alger, who was living with Smith and his first wife Emma in their Kirtland, Ohio, home. Fanny was also Smith\'s first confirmed plural wife. [See lds.org] Smith “came to know[her] in Kirtland during early 1833 when she, at the age of 16, stayed at his home as a housemaid.</p>\n<p>Like fundamentalist Mormon polygamist Warren Jeffs, Joseph Smith engaged in sex with underage girls.</p>\n<p>*Smith\'s Well-Earned Reputation for Being a Sex-Obsessed, Self-Possessed Philanderer</p>\n<p>As a baseline (and as known in Mormon circles of his day), Smith was legendary for his sexual attraction to women.</p>\n<p>In fact, the official LDS publication, “History of the Church” (vol. 5, p. 53), acknowledged the lore of Smith\'s attraction to females, as described in \'The Wasp,” a LDS newspaper published in Nauvoo, Illinois:</p>\n<p>“[On 2 July 1843], the [Mormon] Church newspaper \'The Wasp\' publishe[d] a phrenology chart of Smith\'s head and personality. The first trait [was] \'Amativeness-11, L[arge]. Extreme susceptibility; passionately fond of the company of the other sex.\' The official \'History of the Church\' still publishes this chart, along with the caution that such a high score indicates \'extreme liability to perversion\' in the trait.”</p>\n<p>Perversion is right.</p>\n<p>Smith\'s moves to seduce other men\'s wives were so brazen and notorious that they led one distraught husband--Orson Pratt--to attempt suicide in Nauvoo on 15 July 1842:</p>\n<p>“Thousands of Nauvoo Mormons search[ed] for Orson Pratt after discovering a suicide note. They find him distraught because Smith, according to Pratt\'s wife, had tried to seduce Pratt\'s wife Sarah.”</p>\n<p>No only did Smith have a reputation as a ladies\' man, he also had a record of defending friends of his who were sleeping around.</p>\n<p>According to the “Minutes of the High Council of the Church of Jesus Christ of Nauvoo Illinois” (6 February 1841), Smith directed “the Nauvoo high council not to excommunicate Theodore Turley for \'sleeping with two females,\' requiring him only to confess \'that he had acted unwisely, unjustly, imprudently, and unbecoming.\'”</p>\n<p>Eventually, Smith\'s sexual excess caught up with him in court. on 23 March 1844, William Law filed suit against Smith for committing adultery with Smith\'s foster daughter and plural wife:</p>\n<p>“William Law file[d] a formal complaint with the Hancock County [Illinois] circuit court charging Smith was living \'in an open state of adultery\' with Maria Lawrence, Smith\'s foster daughter and polygamous wife. Maria Lawrence, was a teenaged orphan who was living in the Smith household. In fact, Smith had secretly married both Maria, age 19 and her sister Sarah, age 17 on 11 May 1843 and was serving as executor of their $8,000 estate.</p>\n<p>\"William Law apparently hoped that disclosing Smith\'s relationship with the young girls might lead him to abandon polygamy, but Smith immediately excommunicated Law, had himself appointed the girls\' legal guardian and rejected the charge in front of a church congregation on 26 May 1844, denying that he had more than one wife.”(Joseph Smith, “History of the Church,” vol. 6, p. 403; and Richard S. Van Wagoner, “Mormon Polygamy: A History,” p. 66)</p>\n<p>(all preceding and subsequent citations and quotes are found in “Joseph Smith\'s Polygamy Chronology,” at: <a href=\"http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/JS_Polygamy_Timeline.htm\" title=\"http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/JS_Polygamy_Timeline.htm\">http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/JS_Polygamy_Timeline.htm</a>)<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>*Smith and 16-year-old Fanny Alger</p>\n<p>Smith\'s first known sexual affair was with a teenager named Fannie Alger, who was living with Smith and his first wife Emma in their Kirtland, Ohio, home. Fanny was also Smith\'s first confimred plural wife. Smith “came to know[her] in Kirtland during early 1833 when she, at the age of 16, stayed at his home as a housemaid. Described as \'a very nice and comly young woman,\' according to Benjamin Johnson, Fanny lived with the Smith family from 1833 to 1836.”</p>\n<p>Fanny eventually became the target of Smith\'s sexual advances, with Smith\'s predatory behavior soon becoming the talk of the town:</p>\n<p>“Martin Harris, one of the \'Three Witnesses\' to the Book of Mormon, recalled that the prophet\'s \'servant girl\' claimed he had made \'improper proposals to her, which created quite a talk amongst the people.\' Mormon Fanny Brewer similarly reported \'much excitement against the Prophet . . . [involving] an unlawful intercourse between himself and a young orphan girl residing in his family and under his protection.\"</p>\n<p>Emma discovered the sexual affair between Smith and Fanny and exploded in anger. Caught with his hand in Fanny\'s cookie jar, Smith confessed. A noticeably pregnant Fanny eventually was kicked out of the house by Emma, as reported thusly:</p>\n<p>“Former Mormon apostle William McLellin later wrote that Emma Smith substantiated the Smith-Alger affair. According to McLellin, Emma was searching for her husband and Alger one evening when through a crack in the barn door she saw \'him and Fanny in the barn together alone\' on the hay mow. McLellin, in a letter to one of Smith\'s sons, added that the ensuing confrontation between Emma and her husband grew so heated that Rigdon, Frederick G. Williams, and Oliver Cowdery had to mediate the situation.</p>\n<p>\"After Emma related what she had witnessed, Smith, according to McLellin, \'confessed humbly, and begged forgiveness. Emma and all forgave him.\' While Oliver Cowdery may have forgiven his cousin Joseph Smith, he did not forget the incident. Three years later, when provoked by the prophet, Cowdery countered by calling the Fanny Alger episode \'a dirty, nasty, filthy affair.\'</p>\n<p>“Chauncey Webb recounts Emma’s later discovery of the relationship: \'Emma was furious, and drove the girl, who was unable to conceal the consequences of her celestial relation with the prophet, out of her house\' . . .</p>\n<p>“\' . . . Webb, Smith\'s grammar teacher . . . reported that when the pregnancy became evident, Emma Smith drove Fanny from her home. . . . . Webb\'s daughter, Ann Eliza Webb Young, a divorced wife of Brigham Young, remembered that Fanny was taken into the Webb home on a temporary basis . . . . . Fanny stayed with relatives in nearby Mayfield until about the time Joseph fled Kirtland for Missouri.</p>\n<p>“Fanny left Kirtland in September 1836 with her family. Though she married non-Mormon Solomon Custer on 16 November 1836 and was living in Dublin City, Indiana, far from Kirtland, her name still raised eyebrows. Fanny Brewer, a Mormon visitor to Kirtland in 1837, observed \'much excitement against the Prophet … [involving] an unlawful intercourse between himself and a young orphan girl residing in his family and under his protection.\'”</p>\n<p>(Van Wagoner, “Sidney Rigdon: A Portrait in Religious Excess,” p. 291; and Van Wagoner, “Mormon Polygamy: A History,” p. 8; cited in ibid)<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>*Smith and 19-year-old Zina D. Hunington</p>\n<p>Smith further cemented his reputation for fooling around by making moves on a then-married teenager, Zina D. Hunington, who he asked on 25 October 1841 to become another of his multiple wives. Smith informed her (using a line he also employed with Emma and others) that he was ordered to do so by a sword-wielding angel who was threatening to kill him if he disobeyed:</p>\n<p>“Already married, 19 year-old Zina remained conflicted with Smith\'s polygamy proposal \'until a day in October, apparently, when Joseph sent [her older brother] Dimick to her with a message: an angel with a drawn sword had stood over Smith and told him that if he did not establish polygamy, he would lose “his position and his life.” Zina, faced with the responsibility for his position as prophet, and even perhaps his life, finally acquiesced.\' They were secretly married within days “</p>\n<p>(Todd Compton, “In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith,” pp. 80-81, cited in ibid).<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>*Smith and 19-year-old Nancy Rigdon</p>\n<p>Smith also secretly hit on another teenager, 19-year-old Nancy Rigdon, daughter of his close confidant Sidney Rigdon, in Nauvoo on 10 April 1842.</p>\n<p>Nancy was not amused:</p>\n<p>“ . . . Smith invited Nancy Rigdon, nineteen-year-old daughter of his close friend and counselor, Sidney Rigdon, to meet him at the home of Orson Hyde. Upon her arrival Smith greeted her, ushered her into a private room, then locked the door. After swearing her to secrecy, wrote George W. Robinson, Smith announced his \'affection for her for several years, and wished that she should be his . . . the Lord was well pleased with this matter . . .here was no sin in it whatever . . .but, if she had any scruples of conscience about the matter, he would marry her privately.\'</p>\n<p>“Incredulous, Nancy countered that \'if she ever got married she would marry a single man or none at all.\' Grabbing her bonnet, she ordered the door opened or she would \'raise the neighbors.\' She then stormed out of the Hyde-Richards residence.</p>\n<p>“The next day, Smith wrote Nancy a letter, where he justified his advances, saying \'That which is wrong under one circumstance, may be, and often is, right under another . . . . Whatever God requires is right, no matter what it is, although we may not see the reason thereof till long after the events transpire. . . . even things which might be considered abominable to all who understand the order of heaven only in part, but which in reality were right because God gave and sanctioned by special revelation.\' This is his first written statement of theocratic ethics.”</p>\n<p>(“Official History of the Church,” vol. 5, p. 134-36; and Van Wagoner, “Sidney Rigdon: A Portrait in Religious Excess,” p. 295; cited in ibid)<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>*Smith and 17-year-old Sarah Ann Whitney</p>\n<p>Prior to wedding Sarah in Nauvoo on 27 July 1842, Smith conveniently received a “revelation” for the benefit of Sarah and her parents, essentially condoning his adultery in the name of polygamy:</p>\n<p>“ . . .Smith recevied and recorded [this] revelation on polygamy, which remains in LDS church archives. Although recorded in the official \'Revelation Book\' of the time, the revelation was not canonized as scripture. In this revelation, the Lord reveals a plural marriage ceremony, which would later be altered and become the sealing ceremony in the temple . . . :</p>\n<p>“\'Verily, Thus Saith the Lord, unto my servant Newell. K. Whitney, a revelation to Newell K. Whitney, 27 July 1842, and Joseph Smith., Elizabeth Ann Whitney and Sarah Ann Whitney</p>\n<p>\"Verily, thus saith the Lord unto my servant N[ewel]. K. Whitney, the thing that my servant Joseph Smith has made known unto you and your family [his plural marriage to Sarah Ann Whitney], and which you have agreed upon is right in mine eyes and shall be rewarded upon your heads with honor and immortality and eternal life to all your house both old and young because of the lineage of my priesthood, saith the Lord. It shall be upon you and upon your children after you from generation to generation, by virtue of the holy promise which I now make unto you, saith the Lord.</p>\n<p>\"\'These are the words which you shall pronounce upon my servant Joseph and your daughter Sarah Ann. Whitney. They shall take each other by the hand and you shall say, “You both mutually agree,\" calling them by name, “to be each other\'s companion so long as you both shall live preserving yourselves for each other and from all others and also throughout all eternity, reserving only those rights which have been given to my servant Joseph by revelation and commandment and by legal Authority in times passed.”</p>\n<p>“\'If you both agree to covenant and do this, then I give you Sarah Ann Whitney, my daughter, to Joseph Smith to be his wife, to observe all the rights between you both that belong to that condition. I do it in my own name and in the name of my wife, your mother, and in the name of my holy progenitors, by the right of birth which is of priesthood, vested in my by revelation and commandment and promise of the living. God, obtained by the Holy Melchizedik Jethro and others of the Holy Fathers, commanding in the name of the Lord all those powers to concentrate in you and through to your posterity forever.</p>\n<p>“\'All these things I do in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ that through this order he may be glorified and that through the power of anointing David may reign King over Israel, which shall hereafter be revealed. Let immortality and eternal life henceforth be sealed upon your heads forever and ever. Amen.\"</p>\n<p>(original manuscript of “Kirtland Revelation Book,” Church Historical Department, Ms f 490 # 2; “The Historical Record,” vol. 6, p. 222 (1887 edition); and Compton, “In Sacred Loneliness,” p. 348-49; all cited in ibid)</p>\n<p>Smith then made secret arrangments to have a sexual rendevous with Sarah, without Emma finding out. On 19 August 1842, he wrote the following love letter to Sarah, laying out his plans to meet up with her:</p>\n<p>“To arrange [a] night liason with [his] plural wife--Newel K. Whitney\'s daughter Sarah Ann--Smith writes: \' . . . [T]he only thing to be careful of is to find out when Emma comes, then you cannot be safe but when she is not here, there is the most perfect safety. . . .</p>\n<p>“\'Only be careful to escape observation, as much as possible, I know it is a heroic undertaking; but so much the greater friendship and the more joy; when I see you I will tell you all my plans. I cannot write them on paper. Burn this letter as soon as you read it; keep [it] all locked up in your breasts, my life depends upon it. . . . .</p>\n<p>“I close my letter, I think Emma won\'t come tonight. If she don\'t, don\'t fail to come tonight. I subscribe myself your most obedient, and affectionate, companion, and friend. Joseph Smith.\"</p>\n<p>(“Joseph Smith, Jr., to Newel K. Whitney, Elizabeth Ann Whitney, etc.,” 18 August 1842, George Albert Smith Family Papers, Special Collections, Marriott Library, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, text and signature of this document in the handwriting of Joseph Smith, Jr.; this document has been reproduced in Dean C. Jessee\'s masterful “The Personal Writings of Joseph Smith” [Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book Co., 1984], pp. 539-40; and Compton, “In Sacred Lonliness,” p. 349-350; cited in ibid)<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>*Smith and 19-year-old Emily Dow Partridge</p>\n<p>Smith secretly took Emily as another of his wives in Nauvoo on 4 March 1843, with Elder Heber C. Kimball officiating the ceremony.</p>\n<p>Emily later reported in sworn testimony that she then had honeymoon sex with Smith the next night:</p>\n<p>“Emily D. Partridge Smith testified that she \'roomed\' with Joseph the night following her marriage to him and said that she had \'carnal intercourse\' with him.</p>\n<p>(“Temple Lot” case, complete transcript, pp. 364, 367, 384; Foster, “Religion and Sexuality,” p. 15; Andrew Jenson, ”LDS Biographical Encyclopedia.” [1951] vol. 1, p. 697; S. Easton, “Marriages in Nauvoo Region 1839-45;” “Civil Marriages in Nauvoo 1839-45.” Lyndon Cook, “Nauvoo Temple Endowment Register 1845-46; Mormon Manuscripts to 1846;” cited in ibid).<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>*Smith and 16-year-old Flora Ann Woodworth</p>\n<p>Smith married Flora in April 1843 (exact date unknown).</p>\n<p>(Elder William Clayton affidavit, in “Historical Record,” vol. 6:, p. 225; cited in ibid)<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>*Smith and 17-year-old Lucy Walker</p>\n<p>Smith married Lucy on 1 May 1843, in the Smith\'s store, Nauvoo, Illinois, officiated by William Clayton</p>\n<p>(FamilySearch.com record for Joseph Smith, Jr.; cited in ibid)<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>*Smith and 19-year-old Maria Lawrence</p>\n<p>Smith married Maria on 11 May 1843.</p>\n<p>(“Historical Record,” vol. 6, p. 223; Lucy Walker Smith Kimball, in “Temple Lot” case, full transcript, p. 461, LDS archives; Helen Kimball Whitney, “Woman\'s Exponent,” 15 February 1886, p. 138; cited in ibid)<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>*Smith and 17-year-old Sarah Lawrence</p>\n<p>Smith married Sarah the same day he married Sarah Lawrence\'s sister Maria, 11 May 1843.</p>\n<p>(FamilySearch.com record for Joseph Smith Jr., “Historical Record,” col. 6, p. 223; Lucy Walker Smith Kimball, in “Temple Lot“ case, full transcript, p. 461, LDS archives; Helen Kimball Whitney, “Woman\'s Exponent,\" 15 February 1886, p. 138, cited in ibid)<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>*Smith and 16-year-old Nancy Maria Winchester</p>\n<p>Smith married Nancy in Nauvoo on 28 July 1843:</p>\n<p>“According to Mormon Church Historian Andrew Jenson, Nancy married Joseph sometime before his death in June of 1844. In addition, Orson Whitney, son of Nancy Maria\'s friend, Helen, also identified her as Smith\'s wife. These two witnesses, taken together, make a good case for NAncy as a plural spouse of Joseph. Though there is no exacT date for her marriage to the prophet, the best hypothosis is that the cereMony took place in 1843.”</p>\n<p>(Andrew Jenson, “LDS Biographical Encyclopedia” [1951], vol. 1, p. 697; “ Marriages in Nauvoo Region 1839-45;\" and Compton, “In Sacred Lonliness,” p. 606; cited in ibid)<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>*Smith and 19-year-old Melissa Lott</p>\n<p>Smith married Melissa in Nauvoo on 20 September 1843, with Hyrum Smith officiating:</p>\n<p>“Melissa testified that her marriage to Smith included sex.”</p>\n<p>(FamilySearch.com record for Joseph Smith Jr.; and Affidavit of Melissa Willes, 3 Auust 1893; cited in ibid)<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>*Smith and 14-year-old Helen Mar Kimball</p>\n<p>As part of Smith\'s brimming quiver of teenager brides, in May 1843 in Smith\'s Nauvoo store, he married an underage 14-year-old female named Helen Mar Kimball. Helen\'s father, Heber C. Kimball, officiated the wedding of his underage daughter to Smith.</p>\n<p>Helen was the youngest of Smith\'s brides--and according to Helen, he had sex with her.</p>\n<p>Helen wrote about how her marriage to Smith was orchestrated by her father, Heber C. Kimball:</p>\n<p>\"Having a great desire to be connected with the Prophet, Joseph, he (my father) offered me to him; this I afterwards learned from the Prophet\'s own mouth. My father had but one Ewe Lamb, but willingly laid her upon the altar: how cruel this seemed to my mother whose heartstrings were already stretched unil they were ready to snap asunder, for she had already taken Sarah Noon to wife and she thought she had made sufficient sacrifice but the Lord required more.\"</p>\n<p>Smith pressured Helen to marry him, giving her only 24 hours to give him answer.</p>\n<p>Helen wrote:</p>\n<p>\"[My father] left me to reflect upon it for the next twenty four hours. . . . I was skeptical--one minute {i] believed, then doubted. I thought of the love and tenderness that he felt for his only daughter, and I knew that he would not cast me off, and this was the only convincing proof That I had of its being right.”</p>\n<p>The next day, Smith came by to explain to Helen the “Law of Celestial Marriage,” and,having done that, to take her as his latest bride.</p>\n<p>Helen described Smith\'s pitch:</p>\n<p>“After which he said to me, \'If you take this step, it will ensure your eternal salvation and exaltation and that of your father\'s household and all of your kindred.\' This promise was so great that I willingly gave myself to purchase so glorious a reward.\"</p>\n<p>Helen\'s mother was none too pleased with the marriage, as Helen explains:</p>\n<p>\"None but God and his angels could see my mother\'s bleeding heart. When Joseph asked her if she was willing, she replied \'If Helen is willing I have nothing more to say.\' She had witnessed the sufferings of others, who were older and who better understood the step they were taking, and to see her child, who had yet seen her fifteenth summer, following the same thorny path, in her mind she saw the misery which was as sure to come as the sun was to rise and set; but it was hidden from me.\"</p>\n<p>Helen was under the misimpression that her marriage to Smith was merely “dynastic.” She was to find out soon enough, however, that it was sexual. Helen later confessed to a close friend in Nauvoo:</p>\n<p>\"I would never have been sealed to Joseph had I known it was anything more than ceremony. I was young, and they deceived me, by saying the salvation of our whole family depended on it.”</p>\n<p>(Helen Mar Whitney journal: Helen Mar autobiography: “Woman\'s Exponent,” 1880; reprinted in “A Woman\'s View;” FamilySearch.com record for Joseph Smith Jr.; and Van Wagoner, “Mormon Polygamy: A History,” p. 53; cited in ibid)<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>RfM contributor \"Deconstructor\" on his own website asks---then answers--the question: \"Was it normal to marry 14 year-old girls in Joseph Smith\'s time?\"</p>\n<p>To set the stage, he first quotes from Smith\'s Mormon scriptural justification for polygamous sex as a general principle required for Mormon exaltation (the same scriptures, by the way, faithfully cited and espoused by Jeffs, as well):</p>\n<p>\"And I will bless Joseph Smith and multiply him and give unto him an hundredfold in this world, of fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters, houses and lands, wives and children, and crowns of eternal lives in the eternal worlds.\"</p>\n<p>\"And if he have ten virgins given unto him by this law, he cannot commit adultery, for they belong to him, and they are given unto him; therefore is he justified.\"</p>\n<p>\"But if one or either of the ten virgins, after she is espoused [to Joseph Smith], shall be with another man, she has committed adultery, and shall be destroyed; for they are given unto Joseph Smith to multiply and replenish the earth, according to my commandment, and to fulfil the promise which was given by my Father before the foundation of the world, and for their exaltation in the eternal worlds, that they may bear the souls of men; for herein is the work of my Father continued, that he may be glorified.\" (\"Doctrine and Covenants Section\" 132:55, 62-63)</p>\n<p>Now, the evidence that Smith, like Jeffs, had sex with his own underage child victims:</p>\n<p>\"Many LDS Church leaders and historians suggest that sexual relations and the marriage of Joseph Smith and his youngest wife, Helen Mar Kimball, 14 at the time, was \'approaching eligibility.\'</p>\n<p>\"There is no documentation to support the idea that marriage at fourteen was \'approaching eligibility.\' Actually, marriages even two years later, at the age of sixteen, occurred occasionally but infrequently in Helen Mar\'s culture. Thus, girls marrying at fourteen, even fifteen, were very much out of the ordinary. Sixteen was comparatively rare, but not unheard of. American women began to marry in their late teens; around different parts of the United States the average age of marriage varied from nineteen to twenty-three.</p>\n<p>\"In the United States the average age of menarche (first menstruation) dropped from 16.5 in 1840 to 12.9 in 1950. More recent figures indicate that it now occurs on average at 12.8 years of age. The mean age of first marriages in colonial America was between 19.8 years to 23.7, most women were married during the age period of peak fecundity (fertility).</p>\n<p>\"Mean pubertal age has declined by some 3.7 years from the 1840’s.</p>\n<p>\"The psychological sexual maturity of Helen Mar Kimball in today’s average age of menarche (first menstruation) would put her psychological age of sexual maturity at the time of the marriage of Joseph Smith at 9.1 years old. (16.5 years-12.8 years = 3.7 years) (12.8 years-3.7 years=9.1 years)</p>\n<p>\"The fact is Helen Mar Kimball\'s sexual development was still far from complete. Her psychological sexual maturity was not competent for procreation. The coming of puberty is regarded as the termination of childhood; in fact the term child is usually defined as the human being from the time of birth to the on-coming of puberty. Puberty the point of time at which the sexual development is completed. In young women, from the date of the first menstruation to the time at which she has become fitted for marriage, the average lapse of time is assumed by researchers to be two years.</p>\n<p>\"Age of eligibility for women in Joseph Smith’s time-frame would start at a minimum of 19 ½ years old.</p>\n<p>\"This would suggest that Joseph Smith had sexual relations and married several women before the age of eligibility, and some very close to the age of eligibility including:</p>\n<p>\"Fanny Alger, 16</p>\n<p>\"Sarah Ann Whitney, 17</p>\n<p>\"Lucy Walker, 17</p>\n<p>\"Flora Ann Woodworth, 16</p>\n<p>\"Emily Dow Partridge, 19</p>\n<p>\"Sarah Lawrence, 17</p>\n<p>\"Maria Lawrence, 19</p>\n<p>\"Helen Mar Kimball, 14</p>\n<p>\"Melissa Lott, 19</p>\n<p>\"Nancy M. Winchester, [14?]</p>\n<p>\"And then we have these testimonies:</p>\n<p>\"\'Joseph was very free in his talk about his women. He told me one day of a certain girl and remarked, that she had given him more pleasure than any girl he had ever enjoyed. I told him it was horrible to talk like this.\' (Joseph Smith\'s close confidant and LDS Church First Councilor, William Law, interview in \'Salt Lake Tribune,\' July 31, 1887)</p>\n<p>\"When Heber C. Kimball asked Sister Eliza R. Snow the question if she was not a virgin although married to Joseph Smith, she replied, \'I thought you knew Joseph Smith better than that.\'<br />\n(Stake President Angus M. Cannon, statement of interview with Joseph III, 23, LDS archives)\"</p>\n<p>\"Short Bios of Smith\'s wives:<br />\n<a href=\"http://www.wivesofjosephsmith.org\" title=\"http://www.wivesofjosephsmith.org\">http://www.wivesofjosephsmith.org</a></p>\n<p>\"Did Smith have sex with his wives?:<br />\n<a href=\"http://www.i4m.com/think/history/joseph_smith_sex.htm\" title=\"http://www.i4m.com/think/history/joseph_smith_sex.htm\">http://www.i4m.com/think/history/joseph_smith_sex.htm</a></p>\n<p>\"Whatever the average age of menarche might have been in the mid 19th-century, the average age of marriage was around 20 for women and 22 for men. And a gap of 15 to 20 years or more between partners was very unusual, not typical. Whatever biology might have to say, according to the morals of his time, several of Joseph Smith\'s wives were still inappropriately young for him.</p>\n<p>\"It is a pure myth that 19th-century American girls married at age 12-14.</p>\n<p>\"For example, Laura Ingalls Wilder, from \'Little House on the Prairie\' fame, was born in 1867, which puts her later than Joseph Smith but still in the 1800s. She tells of hearing of the marriage of a 13-year-old girl, and being shocked. She also notes that the girl\'s mother \'takes in laundry,\' and is sloppy and unkempt--implying that \"nice\" people don\'t marry off their teenaged daughters. Laura, herself, became engaged at 17--but her parents asked her to wait until she was 18 to marry.</p>\n<p>\"You merely need to go to your local courthouse and ask to see the old 19th century marriage books. Take a look at and pay attention to the age at marriage. Sure a very few did, but it was far from the norm. The vast majority of women married after the age of twenty.</p>\n<p>\"In fact, look up the marriage ages in the Smith family before polygamy. You\'ll find that one of the Smith girls was 19. The rest of them, and their sisters-in-law, were in their early 20s when they married. The Smith boys\' first wives were in their 20s. The same pattern was true for the various branches of my family and the rest of American society at the time.</p>\n<p>\"On the extremely rare occasions women younger than 17 married, it was to men close to their same age, not 15 to 20 years older.</p>\n<p>\"The case is even true in pioneer Utah among first marriages. Mormon men in their twenties started out marrying someone their own age. Then later these older men married girls under twenty to be their plural wives. But the first wives were the age of the husband and married over the age of twenty. This is still the case is the rural Utah polygamist communities.</p>\n<p>\"References:</p>\n<p>\"Coale and Zelnik assume a mean age of marriage for white women of 20 (1963: 37). Sanderson\'s assumptions are consistent with a mean of 19.8 years (Sanderson 1979: 343). The Massachusetts family reconstitutions revealed somewhat higher mean ages. For Hingham, Smith reports an age at first marriage of 23.7 at the end of the eighteenth century (1972: Table 3, p. 177). For Sturbridge, the age for a comparable group was 22.46 years (Osterud and Fulton 1976: Table 2, p. 484), and in Franklin County it was 23.3 years (Temkin-Greener, H., and A.C. Swedlund. 1978. Fertility Transition in the Connecticut Valley:1740-1850. Population Studies 32 (March 1978):27-41.: Table 6, p. 34).</p>\n<p>\"Jack Larkin, \'The Reshaping of Everyday Life,\' 1790-1840 (New York: Harper &amp; Row, 1988), 63; Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, \'Good Wives: Image and Reality in the Lives of Women in Northern New England, 1650-1750\' [NY: Oxford University Press, 1980], 6; Nancy F. Cott, \'Young Women in the Second Great Awakening in New England,\' \'Feminist Studies\' 3 [1975]: 16; Dr. Dorothy V. Whipple, \'Dynamics of Development: Euthenic Pediatrics\' [New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966]\"</p>\n<p>(\"Was It Normal to Marry 14 year-old Girls in Joseph Smith\'s Time?,\" by \"Deconstructor,\" at: <a href=\"http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/teen_polygamy.htm\" title=\"http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/teen_polygamy.htm\">http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/teen_polygamy.htm</a><br />\n_____</p>\n<p>--More Data from Joseph Smith\'s Time Linking Him to Sexual Abuse of Young Girls</p>\n<p>RfM poster \"TLC,\" in observations entitled \"Joseph Smith, Menses, Pedophilia, Etc.,\" writes:</p>\n<p>\". . . In our efforts to sort through the wasteland that is Mormon history (fact vs. fiction), it\'s worthwhile . . . to have some context within which to make our judgments.</p>\n<p>\". . . The statistics are very clear [on] the notion that the age of sexual maturity among women has changed or is still changing. . . . The age of menarche is dropping in virtually all areas of the world. More on that below.</p>\n<p>\"[A] claim being disputed is that Joseph Smith was a pedophile. While it\'s easy to throw that word around in light of today\'s problems with child abusing priests in the Catholic clergy, the fact remains that pedophilia is defined as \'[t]he act or fantasy on the part of an adult of engaging in sexual activity with a child or children.\'</p>\n<p>\"Furthermore, the pathology of pedophilia is understood to be an attraction or activity that is limited to prepubescent children. It\'s been well-established that true pedophiles lose interest almost immediately when a boy or girl exhibits the first signs of sexual maturity.</p>\n<p>\" . . . [A] quick Googling of the word \'pedophilia\' will take you to the professional community\'s definitions. They are very clear as to what does and what doesn\'t constitute pedophilia.</p>\n<p>\"By today\'s definitions, when it comes to the pathology of pedophilia, Joseph Smith would probably not be considered a true pedophile. That doesn\'t mean however, that he wasn\'t a lecherous scumbag who would stop at nothing to bed any young woman who captured his fancy.</p>\n<p>\"More on sexual maturity among women.</p>\n<p>\"As closely as I can tell from investigating the median age of menarche (first menses) in Joseph Smith\'s time, it is possible that one or two of the girls he married and/or had relations with might not have been sexually mature. All of the research I\'ve been able to find . . . indicates that the average age of menarche in the mid 1800s was 17.</p>\n<p>\"What that might tell us about a girl who was 14 or 15 back then is hard to determine because of the nature of averages. In any event, it does make it clear that Joseph Smith was treading a very fine fine when it came to the sexual maturity of the girls he courted and/or married.</p>\n<p>\"There is a lot of research in this arena because of the alarming shift in menarchal age from the 1800s to present day where the median onset of menarche has now dropped to age 12.</p>\n<p>\"\' . . . In 1840, the average young woman in Europe and the United States menstruated for the first time at the age of 17; her modern counterpart reaches the age of menstruation at about 12. Well known to biological anthropologists as the \"secular trend,\" this crash in the age of sexual maturity has proceeded at the rate of four months per decade, and, in most populations, continues. . . .\'</p>\n<p>\"\'Boys and girls now experience puberty at younger ages than previous generations. In general, girls enter puberty between ages 8 and 13 and reach menarche (first menstruation) several years later, while boys enter puberty between ages 9 and 14 (436, 529). The reasons for earlier menarche in girls are not well understood. Most of the change is attributed to better health and nutrition. . . . In North America age at menarche decreased by three to four months each decade after 1850; in 1988 the median age at menarche was 12.5 years among US girls. . . . In some developing countries age at menarche appears to be decreasing even faster. For example, in Kenya average age at menarche fell from 14.4 in the late 1970s to 12.9 in the 1980s.. . .\'</p>\n<p>\"So, . . . it helps to understand the context from within which we assess the lecherous scumbag known as Joseph Smith. We don\'t know if he had sex with prepubescent children, therefore we don\'t know if he was truly a pedophile. We don\'t know if the teenaged girls he married and/or had sex with were sexually mature or not.</p>\n<p>\"But regardless of whether they were sexually mature or not, something in us is sickened by the thoughts of them being coerced into any kind of relationship with this lecher who was pretending to use God as his motivator.</p>\n<p>\"Joseph Smith was not the first, nor will he be the last, to prey upon young girls for sexual gratification. And that in no way justifies his actions. But in aiming for accuracy in trying to describe Joseph Smith, there are a lot of words other than pedophile that do the job more saliently and succinctly. . . .</p>\n<p>\"What one of us as fathers here today, would hesitate for a second to deck [someone] like [Joseph Smith] if he so much as glanced in any of our daughter\'s directions? I know that my response would be visceral and swift.</p>\n<p>\"Makes you wonder what kind of men Smith had around him that they would so willingly hand over their young daughters to him. Therein lies the true pathology of Mormonism.\"</p>\n<p>(\"Joseph Smith, Menses, Pedophilia, Etc.,\" by \"TLC,\" on \"Recovery from Mormonism\" bulletin board, 9 August 2003, at: <a href=\"http://www.exmormon.org/mormon/mormon253.htm\" title=\"http://www.exmormon.org/mormon/mormon253.htm\">http://www.exmormon.org/mormon/mormon253.htm</a>)</p>\n<p>Deconstructor concurs with the above assessment, declaring its findings to be \"absolutely correct.\"</p>\n<p>(\"TLC Is Absolutely Correct; Here\'s a Repost on This Subject,\" by \"Deconstructor,\" on \"Recovery from Mormonism\" bulletin board, 9 August 2003, at: <a href=\"http://www.exmormon.org/mormon/mormon253.htm\" title=\"http://www.exmormon.org/mormon/mormon253.htm\">http://www.exmormon.org/mormon/mormon253.htm</a>)</p>\n<p>Edited 3 time(s). Last edit at 01/07/2012 06:45PM by steve benson.</p>\n<p>up<br />\nRe: Oliver Cowdery never retracted his accusation against Joseph Smith of Smith having had an adulterous affair with teenager Fanny Alger. How could he? The raunchy record, please...&nbsp;</p>\n<p>imalive<br />\nRe: Oliver Cowdery never retracted his accusation against Joseph Smith of Smith having had an adulterous affair with teenager Fanny Alger. How could he? The raunchy record, please...<br />\nIf Famnny Alger was pregnant when Emma Smith kicked her out, whatever became of her baby?</p>\n<p>steve benson<br />\nDid Fanny Alger become pregnant by Joseph Smith and, if so, what became of the baby? . . .<br />\n\"Chauncy Webb suggested that Emma learned about Joseph’s marriage to Fanny Alger when the girl became pregnant. According to Wilhelm Wyl, who interviewed \'Mr. W,\': \'In Kirtland, [Joseph] was sealed there secretly to Fanny Alger. Emma was furious and drove the girl, who was unable to conceal the consequences of her celestial relation with the prophet, out of her house.\'</p>\n<p>\"There is no record that Fanny, in fact, had a child, but Emma’s angry reaction would be consistent with her later behavior under similar circumstances. She obviously did not consider it a genuine marriage. . . .</p>\n<p>\"There are certainly a number of scenarios (including miscarriage and stillbirth) by which Fanny could have been pregnant but had no child who made it into contemporary records. In 1878, William McLellin told Joseph F. Smith and Orson Pratt: \'Emma Smith told him that Joseph was both a polygamist and an adulterer.\' (Joseph Fielding Smith, \'Life of Joseph F. Smith, Sixth President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints\' [Salt Lake City, Utah:p. Deseret, 1938. 239]. If Emma made such a statement and if McLellin reported it correctly (he would have been 72 in 1878), then it may mean that Emma accepted Nauvoo plural marriage as \'polygamy,\' but rejected Joseph’s Kirtland relationship with Alger, calling it \'adultery.\'\"</p>\n<p>(\"Joseph Smith\'s Polygamy: The Joseph Smith-Fanny Alger Relationship--A Brief History,\" at: <a href=\"http://www.josephsmithspolygamy.com/FannyAlger/MASTERFannyAlger.html\" title=\"http://www.josephsmithspolygamy.com/FannyAlger/MASTERFannyAlger.html\">http://www.josephsmithspolygamy.com/FannyAlger/MASTERFannyAlger.html</a>)<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>Mormon historian Todd Compton, in his book, \"In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith\" (Salt Lake City, Utah: Signature Books, 1997, p. 35), concludes that Smith likely had sex with Alger, got her pregnant and that:</p>\n<p>--Fanny miscarried,</p>\n<p>--the baby was born but died prematurely, or</p>\n<p>--the baby was raised under a different identity:</p>\n<p>\"[Chauncy] Webb acknowledges that this was a fully sexual union. Since there is no record of Fanny having a child, either Webb was mistaken (though that seems unlikely, if Fanny lived in his home after leaving the Smith home), the child was miscarried or died young, or it was raised under another name. Without futher documentation, there is no way of knowing.\"<br />\n_____</p>\n<p>Don Bradley, an LDS history specialist, presented a paper at the August 2010 Sunstone Symposium entitled, \"Dating Fanny Alger: The Nature, Timing and Consequences of an Early Polygamous Relationship.\"</p>\n<p>Bagley summed up his paper\'s thesis as follows:</p>\n<p>\"Fanny Alger left Joseph and Emma Smith�s home pregnant, under Emma�s wrath, and in the middle of the night. The incident set Kirtland on fire with rumors of the prophet�s adultery�or was it polygamy? Some scholars have argued that the relationship was an 1835 affair, too early for polygamy, others that it was an 1833 marriage. Which of these theories is right? Or are they all they wrong together? I will piece together what happened the night Fanny was evicted, what consequences followed, and when all this occurred, illuminating Joseph and Fanny\'s relationship and other longstanding enigmas.\"</p>\n<p>(Don Bradley, abstract of paper, \"Dating Fanny Alger: The Nature, Timing, and Consequences of an Early Polygamous Relationship,\" delivered at \"Sunstone 2010 Symposium and Workshops, Salt Lake City, Utah, 7 August 2010, at: <a href=\"https://www.sunstonemagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/SLC10-final-7-29-small-for-web1.pdf\" title=\"https://www.sunstonemagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/SLC10-final-7-29-small-for-web1.pdf\">https://www.sunstonemagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/SLC10-final-...</a>)</p>\n<p>Bagley\'s presentation was later summarized thusly:</p>\n<p>\"Bradley tried to pin down when the \'affair\' happened. Apparently, Emma discovered Joseph and Fanny late at night in the barn. According to Bradley, Alger appeared pregnant. Emma threw a fit, and threw Alger out of the house. (Apparently Alger had been working as a sort of nanny).</p>\n<p>\"The discovery of the relationship by Emma probably dates to the summer or fall of 1835. Bradley recounted several people who have tried to pin down the date, and noted problems with each date. Some authors have discussed an “embarrassing” incident of polygamy in August 1835. Joseph left for Pontiac, Michigan, possibly to avoid embarrassment for his role. On October 14, 1835, Joseph describes \'dealing with household issues,\' possibly a reference to evict Fanny. However, Mark Ashurst-Mcgee suggests this incident refers not to Fanny, but a problem with employees at the printing office.</p>\n<p>\"Fanny left Kirtland in August or September 1836, so the incident must have occurred prior to that. Bradley notes that dissenters condemned Joseph on July 24, and Joseph left for Salem, Massachusetts, for a treasure trip the next day on July 25.</p>\n<p>\"Bradley believes Joseph sent Fanny to Missouri at the same time. William McLellin gave his famous quote about having \'no confidence\' in Church leadership around this time as well. Fanny soon married non-member Solomon Custer after just a six-week courtship. Bradley believes it may have been a cover of legitimacy if Fanny was indeed pregnant.\"</p>\n<p>(\"Sunstone 2010--A Feminist Recap,\" by \"Mormon Heretic,\" 17 August 2010, at: <a href=\"http://mormonmatters.org/2010/08/17/sunstone-2010-a-feminist-recap/\" title=\"http://mormonmatters.org/2010/08/17/sunstone-2010-a-feminist-recap/\">http://mormonmatters.org/2010/08/17/sunstone-2010-a-feminist-recap/</a>)</p>\n<p>For more information, see Bradley\'s research on polygamy entitled, \"Mormon Polygamy Before Nauvoo?: The Relationship of Joseph Smith and Fanny Alger,\" in \"The Persistence of Polygamy: Joseph Smith and the Origins of Mormon Polygamy,\" Newell G. Bringhurst and Craig L. Foster, ed. (Independence, Missouri: JohnWhitmerBooks, 2010), at: <a href=\"http://www.amazon.com/Persistence-Polygamy-Joseph-Origins-ebook/dp/B004GNEDIM#reader_B004GNEDIM\" title=\"http://www.amazon.com/Persistence-Polygamy-Joseph-Origins-ebook/dp/B004GNEDIM#reader_B004GNEDIM\">http://www.amazon.com/Persistence-Polygamy-Joseph-Origins-ebook/dp/B004G...</a>)</p>\n<p>Edited 17 time(s). Last edit at 01/07/2012 08:58PM by steve benson.</p>\n<p>\"Recovery from Mormonism - www.exmormon.org\"</p>\n', created = 1490772327, expire = 1490858727, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = '2:cad35d6c767435288d6abe7d012d8a4d' in /home/exmormon/public_html/d6/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 112.

by steve benson Dec 2011

Smith's first known sexual affair was with a teenager named Fannie Alger, who was living with Smith and his first wife Emma in their Kirtland, Ohio, home. Fanny was also Smith's first confirmed plural wife. [See lds.org] Smith “came to know[her] in Kirtland during early 1833 when she, at the age of 16, stayed at his home as a housemaid.

Like fundamentalist Mormon polygamist Warren Jeffs, Joseph Smith engaged in sex with underage girls.

*Smith's Well-Earned Reputation for Being a Sex-Obsessed, Self-Possessed Philanderer

As a baseline (and as known in Mormon circles of his day), Smith was legendary for his sexual attraction to women.

In fact, the official LDS publication, “History of the Church” (vol. 5, p. 53), acknowledged the lore of Smith's attraction to females, as described in 'The Wasp,” a LDS newspaper published in Nauvoo, Illinois:

“[On 2 July 1843], the [Mormon] Church newspaper 'The Wasp' publishe[d] a phrenology chart of Smith's head and personality. The first trait [was] 'Amativeness-11, L[arge]. Extreme susceptibility; passionately fond of the company of the other sex.' The official 'History of the Church' still publishes this chart, along with the caution that such a high score indicates 'extreme liability to perversion' in the trait.”

Perversion is right.

Smith's moves to seduce other men's wives were so brazen and notorious that they led one distraught husband--Orson Pratt--to attempt suicide in Nauvoo on 15 July 1842:

“Thousands of Nauvoo Mormons search[ed] for Orson Pratt after discovering a suicide note. They find him distraught because Smith, according to Pratt's wife, had tried to seduce Pratt's wife Sarah.”

No only did Smith have a reputation as a ladies' man, he also had a record of defending friends of his who were sleeping around.

According to the “Minutes of the High Council of the Church of Jesus Christ of Nauvoo Illinois” (6 February 1841), Smith directed “the Nauvoo high council not to excommunicate Theodore Turley for 'sleeping with two females,' requiring him only to confess 'that he had acted unwisely, unjustly, imprudently, and unbecoming.'”

Eventually, Smith's sexual excess caught up with him in court. on 23 March 1844, William Law filed suit against Smith for committing adultery with Smith's foster daughter and plural wife:

“William Law file[d] a formal complaint with the Hancock County [Illinois] circuit court charging Smith was living 'in an open state of adultery' with Maria Lawrence, Smith's foster daughter and polygamous wife. Maria Lawrence, was a teenaged orphan who was living in the Smith household. In fact, Smith had secretly married both Maria, age 19 and her sister Sarah, age 17 on 11 May 1843 and was serving as executor of their $8,000 estate.

"William Law apparently hoped that disclosing Smith's relationship with the young girls might lead him to abandon polygamy, but Smith immediately excommunicated Law, had himself appointed the girls' legal guardian and rejected the charge in front of a church congregation on 26 May 1844, denying that he had more than one wife.”(Joseph Smith, “History of the Church,” vol. 6, p. 403; and Richard S. Van Wagoner, “Mormon Polygamy: A History,” p. 66)

(all preceding and subsequent citations and quotes are found in “Joseph Smith's Polygamy Chronology,” at: http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/JS_Polygamy_Timeline.htm)
_____

*Smith and 16-year-old Fanny Alger

Smith's first known sexual affair was with a teenager named Fannie Alger, who was living with Smith and his first wife Emma in their Kirtland, Ohio, home. Fanny was also Smith's first confimred plural wife. Smith “came to know[her] in Kirtland during early 1833 when she, at the age of 16, stayed at his home as a housemaid. Described as 'a very nice and comly young woman,' according to Benjamin Johnson, Fanny lived with the Smith family from 1833 to 1836.”

Fanny eventually became the target of Smith's sexual advances, with Smith's predatory behavior soon becoming the talk of the town:

“Martin Harris, one of the 'Three Witnesses' to the Book of Mormon, recalled that the prophet's 'servant girl' claimed he had made 'improper proposals to her, which created quite a talk amongst the people.' Mormon Fanny Brewer similarly reported 'much excitement against the Prophet . . . [involving] an unlawful intercourse between himself and a young orphan girl residing in his family and under his protection."

Emma discovered the sexual affair between Smith and Fanny and exploded in anger. Caught with his hand in Fanny's cookie jar, Smith confessed. A noticeably pregnant Fanny eventually was kicked out of the house by Emma, as reported thusly:

“Former Mormon apostle William McLellin later wrote that Emma Smith substantiated the Smith-Alger affair. According to McLellin, Emma was searching for her husband and Alger one evening when through a crack in the barn door she saw 'him and Fanny in the barn together alone' on the hay mow. McLellin, in a letter to one of Smith's sons, added that the ensuing confrontation between Emma and her husband grew so heated that Rigdon, Frederick G. Williams, and Oliver Cowdery had to mediate the situation.

"After Emma related what she had witnessed, Smith, according to McLellin, 'confessed humbly, and begged forgiveness. Emma and all forgave him.' While Oliver Cowdery may have forgiven his cousin Joseph Smith, he did not forget the incident. Three years later, when provoked by the prophet, Cowdery countered by calling the Fanny Alger episode 'a dirty, nasty, filthy affair.'

“Chauncey Webb recounts Emma’s later discovery of the relationship: 'Emma was furious, and drove the girl, who was unable to conceal the consequences of her celestial relation with the prophet, out of her house' . . .

“' . . . Webb, Smith's grammar teacher . . . reported that when the pregnancy became evident, Emma Smith drove Fanny from her home. . . . . Webb's daughter, Ann Eliza Webb Young, a divorced wife of Brigham Young, remembered that Fanny was taken into the Webb home on a temporary basis . . . . . Fanny stayed with relatives in nearby Mayfield until about the time Joseph fled Kirtland for Missouri.

“Fanny left Kirtland in September 1836 with her family. Though she married non-Mormon Solomon Custer on 16 November 1836 and was living in Dublin City, Indiana, far from Kirtland, her name still raised eyebrows. Fanny Brewer, a Mormon visitor to Kirtland in 1837, observed 'much excitement against the Prophet … [involving] an unlawful intercourse between himself and a young orphan girl residing in his family and under his protection.'”

(Van Wagoner, “Sidney Rigdon: A Portrait in Religious Excess,” p. 291; and Van Wagoner, “Mormon Polygamy: A History,” p. 8; cited in ibid)
_____

*Smith and 19-year-old Zina D. Hunington

Smith further cemented his reputation for fooling around by making moves on a then-married teenager, Zina D. Hunington, who he asked on 25 October 1841 to become another of his multiple wives. Smith informed her (using a line he also employed with Emma and others) that he was ordered to do so by a sword-wielding angel who was threatening to kill him if he disobeyed:

“Already married, 19 year-old Zina remained conflicted with Smith's polygamy proposal 'until a day in October, apparently, when Joseph sent [her older brother] Dimick to her with a message: an angel with a drawn sword had stood over Smith and told him that if he did not establish polygamy, he would lose “his position and his life.” Zina, faced with the responsibility for his position as prophet, and even perhaps his life, finally acquiesced.' They were secretly married within days “

(Todd Compton, “In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith,” pp. 80-81, cited in ibid).
_____

*Smith and 19-year-old Nancy Rigdon

Smith also secretly hit on another teenager, 19-year-old Nancy Rigdon, daughter of his close confidant Sidney Rigdon, in Nauvoo on 10 April 1842.

Nancy was not amused:

“ . . . Smith invited Nancy Rigdon, nineteen-year-old daughter of his close friend and counselor, Sidney Rigdon, to meet him at the home of Orson Hyde. Upon her arrival Smith greeted her, ushered her into a private room, then locked the door. After swearing her to secrecy, wrote George W. Robinson, Smith announced his 'affection for her for several years, and wished that she should be his . . . the Lord was well pleased with this matter . . .here was no sin in it whatever . . .but, if she had any scruples of conscience about the matter, he would marry her privately.'

“Incredulous, Nancy countered that 'if she ever got married she would marry a single man or none at all.' Grabbing her bonnet, she ordered the door opened or she would 'raise the neighbors.' She then stormed out of the Hyde-Richards residence.

“The next day, Smith wrote Nancy a letter, where he justified his advances, saying 'That which is wrong under one circumstance, may be, and often is, right under another . . . . Whatever God requires is right, no matter what it is, although we may not see the reason thereof till long after the events transpire. . . . even things which might be considered abominable to all who understand the order of heaven only in part, but which in reality were right because God gave and sanctioned by special revelation.' This is his first written statement of theocratic ethics.”

(“Official History of the Church,” vol. 5, p. 134-36; and Van Wagoner, “Sidney Rigdon: A Portrait in Religious Excess,” p. 295; cited in ibid)
_____

*Smith and 17-year-old Sarah Ann Whitney

Prior to wedding Sarah in Nauvoo on 27 July 1842, Smith conveniently received a “revelation” for the benefit of Sarah and her parents, essentially condoning his adultery in the name of polygamy:

“ . . .Smith recevied and recorded [this] revelation on polygamy, which remains in LDS church archives. Although recorded in the official 'Revelation Book' of the time, the revelation was not canonized as scripture. In this revelation, the Lord reveals a plural marriage ceremony, which would later be altered and become the sealing ceremony in the temple . . . :

“'Verily, Thus Saith the Lord, unto my servant Newell. K. Whitney, a revelation to Newell K. Whitney, 27 July 1842, and Joseph Smith., Elizabeth Ann Whitney and Sarah Ann Whitney

"Verily, thus saith the Lord unto my servant N[ewel]. K. Whitney, the thing that my servant Joseph Smith has made known unto you and your family [his plural marriage to Sarah Ann Whitney], and which you have agreed upon is right in mine eyes and shall be rewarded upon your heads with honor and immortality and eternal life to all your house both old and young because of the lineage of my priesthood, saith the Lord. It shall be upon you and upon your children after you from generation to generation, by virtue of the holy promise which I now make unto you, saith the Lord.

"'These are the words which you shall pronounce upon my servant Joseph and your daughter Sarah Ann. Whitney. They shall take each other by the hand and you shall say, “You both mutually agree," calling them by name, “to be each other's companion so long as you both shall live preserving yourselves for each other and from all others and also throughout all eternity, reserving only those rights which have been given to my servant Joseph by revelation and commandment and by legal Authority in times passed.”

“'If you both agree to covenant and do this, then I give you Sarah Ann Whitney, my daughter, to Joseph Smith to be his wife, to observe all the rights between you both that belong to that condition. I do it in my own name and in the name of my wife, your mother, and in the name of my holy progenitors, by the right of birth which is of priesthood, vested in my by revelation and commandment and promise of the living. God, obtained by the Holy Melchizedik Jethro and others of the Holy Fathers, commanding in the name of the Lord all those powers to concentrate in you and through to your posterity forever.

“'All these things I do in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ that through this order he may be glorified and that through the power of anointing David may reign King over Israel, which shall hereafter be revealed. Let immortality and eternal life henceforth be sealed upon your heads forever and ever. Amen."

(original manuscript of “Kirtland Revelation Book,” Church Historical Department, Ms f 490 # 2; “The Historical Record,” vol. 6, p. 222 (1887 edition); and Compton, “In Sacred Loneliness,” p. 348-49; all cited in ibid)

Smith then made secret arrangments to have a sexual rendevous with Sarah, without Emma finding out. On 19 August 1842, he wrote the following love letter to Sarah, laying out his plans to meet up with her:

“To arrange [a] night liason with [his] plural wife--Newel K. Whitney's daughter Sarah Ann--Smith writes: ' . . . [T]he only thing to be careful of is to find out when Emma comes, then you cannot be safe but when she is not here, there is the most perfect safety. . . .

“'Only be careful to escape observation, as much as possible, I know it is a heroic undertaking; but so much the greater friendship and the more joy; when I see you I will tell you all my plans. I cannot write them on paper. Burn this letter as soon as you read it; keep [it] all locked up in your breasts, my life depends upon it. . . . .

“I close my letter, I think Emma won't come tonight. If she don't, don't fail to come tonight. I subscribe myself your most obedient, and affectionate, companion, and friend. Joseph Smith."

(“Joseph Smith, Jr., to Newel K. Whitney, Elizabeth Ann Whitney, etc.,” 18 August 1842, George Albert Smith Family Papers, Special Collections, Marriott Library, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, text and signature of this document in the handwriting of Joseph Smith, Jr.; this document has been reproduced in Dean C. Jessee's masterful “The Personal Writings of Joseph Smith” [Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book Co., 1984], pp. 539-40; and Compton, “In Sacred Lonliness,” p. 349-350; cited in ibid)
_____

*Smith and 19-year-old Emily Dow Partridge

Smith secretly took Emily as another of his wives in Nauvoo on 4 March 1843, with Elder Heber C. Kimball officiating the ceremony.

Emily later reported in sworn testimony that she then had honeymoon sex with Smith the next night:

“Emily D. Partridge Smith testified that she 'roomed' with Joseph the night following her marriage to him and said that she had 'carnal intercourse' with him.

(“Temple Lot” case, complete transcript, pp. 364, 367, 384; Foster, “Religion and Sexuality,” p. 15; Andrew Jenson, ”LDS Biographical Encyclopedia.” [1951] vol. 1, p. 697; S. Easton, “Marriages in Nauvoo Region 1839-45;” “Civil Marriages in Nauvoo 1839-45.” Lyndon Cook, “Nauvoo Temple Endowment Register 1845-46; Mormon Manuscripts to 1846;” cited in ibid).
_____

*Smith and 16-year-old Flora Ann Woodworth

Smith married Flora in April 1843 (exact date unknown).

(Elder William Clayton affidavit, in “Historical Record,” vol. 6:, p. 225; cited in ibid)
_____

*Smith and 17-year-old Lucy Walker

Smith married Lucy on 1 May 1843, in the Smith's store, Nauvoo, Illinois, officiated by William Clayton

(FamilySearch.com record for Joseph Smith, Jr.; cited in ibid)
_____

*Smith and 19-year-old Maria Lawrence

Smith married Maria on 11 May 1843.

(“Historical Record,” vol. 6, p. 223; Lucy Walker Smith Kimball, in “Temple Lot” case, full transcript, p. 461, LDS archives; Helen Kimball Whitney, “Woman's Exponent,” 15 February 1886, p. 138; cited in ibid)
_____

*Smith and 17-year-old Sarah Lawrence

Smith married Sarah the same day he married Sarah Lawrence's sister Maria, 11 May 1843.

(FamilySearch.com record for Joseph Smith Jr., “Historical Record,” col. 6, p. 223; Lucy Walker Smith Kimball, in “Temple Lot“ case, full transcript, p. 461, LDS archives; Helen Kimball Whitney, “Woman's Exponent," 15 February 1886, p. 138, cited in ibid)
_____

*Smith and 16-year-old Nancy Maria Winchester

Smith married Nancy in Nauvoo on 28 July 1843:

“According to Mormon Church Historian Andrew Jenson, Nancy married Joseph sometime before his death in June of 1844. In addition, Orson Whitney, son of Nancy Maria's friend, Helen, also identified her as Smith's wife. These two witnesses, taken together, make a good case for NAncy as a plural spouse of Joseph. Though there is no exacT date for her marriage to the prophet, the best hypothosis is that the cereMony took place in 1843.”

(Andrew Jenson, “LDS Biographical Encyclopedia” [1951], vol. 1, p. 697; “ Marriages in Nauvoo Region 1839-45;" and Compton, “In Sacred Lonliness,” p. 606; cited in ibid)
_____

*Smith and 19-year-old Melissa Lott

Smith married Melissa in Nauvoo on 20 September 1843, with Hyrum Smith officiating:

“Melissa testified that her marriage to Smith included sex.”

(FamilySearch.com record for Joseph Smith Jr.; and Affidavit of Melissa Willes, 3 Auust 1893; cited in ibid)
_____

*Smith and 14-year-old Helen Mar Kimball

As part of Smith's brimming quiver of teenager brides, in May 1843 in Smith's Nauvoo store, he married an underage 14-year-old female named Helen Mar Kimball. Helen's father, Heber C. Kimball, officiated the wedding of his underage daughter to Smith.

Helen was the youngest of Smith's brides--and according to Helen, he had sex with her.

Helen wrote about how her marriage to Smith was orchestrated by her father, Heber C. Kimball:

"Having a great desire to be connected with the Prophet, Joseph, he (my father) offered me to him; this I afterwards learned from the Prophet's own mouth. My father had but one Ewe Lamb, but willingly laid her upon the altar: how cruel this seemed to my mother whose heartstrings were already stretched unil they were ready to snap asunder, for she had already taken Sarah Noon to wife and she thought she had made sufficient sacrifice but the Lord required more."

Smith pressured Helen to marry him, giving her only 24 hours to give him answer.

Helen wrote:

"[My father] left me to reflect upon it for the next twenty four hours. . . . I was skeptical--one minute {i] believed, then doubted. I thought of the love and tenderness that he felt for his only daughter, and I knew that he would not cast me off, and this was the only convincing proof That I had of its being right.”

The next day, Smith came by to explain to Helen the “Law of Celestial Marriage,” and,having done that, to take her as his latest bride.

Helen described Smith's pitch:

“After which he said to me, 'If you take this step, it will ensure your eternal salvation and exaltation and that of your father's household and all of your kindred.' This promise was so great that I willingly gave myself to purchase so glorious a reward."

Helen's mother was none too pleased with the marriage, as Helen explains:

"None but God and his angels could see my mother's bleeding heart. When Joseph asked her if she was willing, she replied 'If Helen is willing I have nothing more to say.' She had witnessed the sufferings of others, who were older and who better understood the step they were taking, and to see her child, who had yet seen her fifteenth summer, following the same thorny path, in her mind she saw the misery which was as sure to come as the sun was to rise and set; but it was hidden from me."

Helen was under the misimpression that her marriage to Smith was merely “dynastic.” She was to find out soon enough, however, that it was sexual. Helen later confessed to a close friend in Nauvoo:

"I would never have been sealed to Joseph had I known it was anything more than ceremony. I was young, and they deceived me, by saying the salvation of our whole family depended on it.”

(Helen Mar Whitney journal: Helen Mar autobiography: “Woman's Exponent,” 1880; reprinted in “A Woman's View;” FamilySearch.com record for Joseph Smith Jr.; and Van Wagoner, “Mormon Polygamy: A History,” p. 53; cited in ibid)
_____

RfM contributor "Deconstructor" on his own website asks---then answers--the question: "Was it normal to marry 14 year-old girls in Joseph Smith's time?"

To set the stage, he first quotes from Smith's Mormon scriptural justification for polygamous sex as a general principle required for Mormon exaltation (the same scriptures, by the way, faithfully cited and espoused by Jeffs, as well):

"And I will bless Joseph Smith and multiply him and give unto him an hundredfold in this world, of fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters, houses and lands, wives and children, and crowns of eternal lives in the eternal worlds."

"And if he have ten virgins given unto him by this law, he cannot commit adultery, for they belong to him, and they are given unto him; therefore is he justified."

"But if one or either of the ten virgins, after she is espoused [to Joseph Smith], shall be with another man, she has committed adultery, and shall be destroyed; for they are given unto Joseph Smith to multiply and replenish the earth, according to my commandment, and to fulfil the promise which was given by my Father before the foundation of the world, and for their exaltation in the eternal worlds, that they may bear the souls of men; for herein is the work of my Father continued, that he may be glorified." ("Doctrine and Covenants Section" 132:55, 62-63)

Now, the evidence that Smith, like Jeffs, had sex with his own underage child victims:

"Many LDS Church leaders and historians suggest that sexual relations and the marriage of Joseph Smith and his youngest wife, Helen Mar Kimball, 14 at the time, was 'approaching eligibility.'

"There is no documentation to support the idea that marriage at fourteen was 'approaching eligibility.' Actually, marriages even two years later, at the age of sixteen, occurred occasionally but infrequently in Helen Mar's culture. Thus, girls marrying at fourteen, even fifteen, were very much out of the ordinary. Sixteen was comparatively rare, but not unheard of. American women began to marry in their late teens; around different parts of the United States the average age of marriage varied from nineteen to twenty-three.

"In the United States the average age of menarche (first menstruation) dropped from 16.5 in 1840 to 12.9 in 1950. More recent figures indicate that it now occurs on average at 12.8 years of age. The mean age of first marriages in colonial America was between 19.8 years to 23.7, most women were married during the age period of peak fecundity (fertility).

"Mean pubertal age has declined by some 3.7 years from the 1840’s.

"The psychological sexual maturity of Helen Mar Kimball in today’s average age of menarche (first menstruation) would put her psychological age of sexual maturity at the time of the marriage of Joseph Smith at 9.1 years old. (16.5 years-12.8 years = 3.7 years) (12.8 years-3.7 years=9.1 years)

"The fact is Helen Mar Kimball's sexual development was still far from complete. Her psychological sexual maturity was not competent for procreation. The coming of puberty is regarded as the termination of childhood; in fact the term child is usually defined as the human being from the time of birth to the on-coming of puberty. Puberty the point of time at which the sexual development is completed. In young women, from the date of the first menstruation to the time at which she has become fitted for marriage, the average lapse of time is assumed by researchers to be two years.

"Age of eligibility for women in Joseph Smith’s time-frame would start at a minimum of 19 ½ years old.

"This would suggest that Joseph Smith had sexual relations and married several women before the age of eligibility, and some very close to the age of eligibility including:

"Fanny Alger, 16

"Sarah Ann Whitney, 17

"Lucy Walker, 17

"Flora Ann Woodworth, 16

"Emily Dow Partridge, 19

"Sarah Lawrence, 17

"Maria Lawrence, 19

"Helen Mar Kimball, 14

"Melissa Lott, 19

"Nancy M. Winchester, [14?]

"And then we have these testimonies:

"'Joseph was very free in his talk about his women. He told me one day of a certain girl and remarked, that she had given him more pleasure than any girl he had ever enjoyed. I told him it was horrible to talk like this.' (Joseph Smith's close confidant and LDS Church First Councilor, William Law, interview in 'Salt Lake Tribune,' July 31, 1887)

"When Heber C. Kimball asked Sister Eliza R. Snow the question if she was not a virgin although married to Joseph Smith, she replied, 'I thought you knew Joseph Smith better than that.'
(Stake President Angus M. Cannon, statement of interview with Joseph III, 23, LDS archives)"

"Short Bios of Smith's wives:
http://www.wivesofjosephsmith.org

"Did Smith have sex with his wives?:
http://www.i4m.com/think/history/joseph_smith_sex.htm

"Whatever the average age of menarche might have been in the mid 19th-century, the average age of marriage was around 20 for women and 22 for men. And a gap of 15 to 20 years or more between partners was very unusual, not typical. Whatever biology might have to say, according to the morals of his time, several of Joseph Smith's wives were still inappropriately young for him.

"It is a pure myth that 19th-century American girls married at age 12-14.

"For example, Laura Ingalls Wilder, from 'Little House on the Prairie' fame, was born in 1867, which puts her later than Joseph Smith but still in the 1800s. She tells of hearing of the marriage of a 13-year-old girl, and being shocked. She also notes that the girl's mother 'takes in laundry,' and is sloppy and unkempt--implying that "nice" people don't marry off their teenaged daughters. Laura, herself, became engaged at 17--but her parents asked her to wait until she was 18 to marry.

"You merely need to go to your local courthouse and ask to see the old 19th century marriage books. Take a look at and pay attention to the age at marriage. Sure a very few did, but it was far from the norm. The vast majority of women married after the age of twenty.

"In fact, look up the marriage ages in the Smith family before polygamy. You'll find that one of the Smith girls was 19. The rest of them, and their sisters-in-law, were in their early 20s when they married. The Smith boys' first wives were in their 20s. The same pattern was true for the various branches of my family and the rest of American society at the time.

"On the extremely rare occasions women younger than 17 married, it was to men close to their same age, not 15 to 20 years older.

"The case is even true in pioneer Utah among first marriages. Mormon men in their twenties started out marrying someone their own age. Then later these older men married girls under twenty to be their plural wives. But the first wives were the age of the husband and married over the age of twenty. This is still the case is the rural Utah polygamist communities.

"References:

"Coale and Zelnik assume a mean age of marriage for white women of 20 (1963: 37). Sanderson's assumptions are consistent with a mean of 19.8 years (Sanderson 1979: 343). The Massachusetts family reconstitutions revealed somewhat higher mean ages. For Hingham, Smith reports an age at first marriage of 23.7 at the end of the eighteenth century (1972: Table 3, p. 177). For Sturbridge, the age for a comparable group was 22.46 years (Osterud and Fulton 1976: Table 2, p. 484), and in Franklin County it was 23.3 years (Temkin-Greener, H., and A.C. Swedlund. 1978. Fertility Transition in the Connecticut Valley:1740-1850. Population Studies 32 (March 1978):27-41.: Table 6, p. 34).

"Jack Larkin, 'The Reshaping of Everyday Life,' 1790-1840 (New York: Harper & Row, 1988), 63; Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, 'Good Wives: Image and Reality in the Lives of Women in Northern New England, 1650-1750' [NY: Oxford University Press, 1980], 6; Nancy F. Cott, 'Young Women in the Second Great Awakening in New England,' 'Feminist Studies' 3 [1975]: 16; Dr. Dorothy V. Whipple, 'Dynamics of Development: Euthenic Pediatrics' [New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966]"

("Was It Normal to Marry 14 year-old Girls in Joseph Smith's Time?," by "Deconstructor," at: http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/teen_polygamy.htm
_____

--More Data from Joseph Smith's Time Linking Him to Sexual Abuse of Young Girls

RfM poster "TLC," in observations entitled "Joseph Smith, Menses, Pedophilia, Etc.," writes:

". . . In our efforts to sort through the wasteland that is Mormon history (fact vs. fiction), it's worthwhile . . . to have some context within which to make our judgments.

". . . The statistics are very clear [on] the notion that the age of sexual maturity among women has changed or is still changing. . . . The age of menarche is dropping in virtually all areas of the world. More on that below.

"[A] claim being disputed is that Joseph Smith was a pedophile. While it's easy to throw that word around in light of today's problems with child abusing priests in the Catholic clergy, the fact remains that pedophilia is defined as '[t]he act or fantasy on the part of an adult of engaging in sexual activity with a child or children.'

"Furthermore, the pathology of pedophilia is understood to be an attraction or activity that is limited to prepubescent children. It's been well-established that true pedophiles lose interest almost immediately when a boy or girl exhibits the first signs of sexual maturity.

" . . . [A] quick Googling of the word 'pedophilia' will take you to the professional community's definitions. They are very clear as to what does and what doesn't constitute pedophilia.

"By today's definitions, when it comes to the pathology of pedophilia, Joseph Smith would probably not be considered a true pedophile. That doesn't mean however, that he wasn't a lecherous scumbag who would stop at nothing to bed any young woman who captured his fancy.

"More on sexual maturity among women.

"As closely as I can tell from investigating the median age of menarche (first menses) in Joseph Smith's time, it is possible that one or two of the girls he married and/or had relations with might not have been sexually mature. All of the research I've been able to find . . . indicates that the average age of menarche in the mid 1800s was 17.

"What that might tell us about a girl who was 14 or 15 back then is hard to determine because of the nature of averages. In any event, it does make it clear that Joseph Smith was treading a very fine fine when it came to the sexual maturity of the girls he courted and/or married.

"There is a lot of research in this arena because of the alarming shift in menarchal age from the 1800s to present day where the median onset of menarche has now dropped to age 12.

"' . . . In 1840, the average young woman in Europe and the United States menstruated for the first time at the age of 17; her modern counterpart reaches the age of menstruation at about 12. Well known to biological anthropologists as the "secular trend," this crash in the age of sexual maturity has proceeded at the rate of four months per decade, and, in most populations, continues. . . .'

"'Boys and girls now experience puberty at younger ages than previous generations. In general, girls enter puberty between ages 8 and 13 and reach menarche (first menstruation) several years later, while boys enter puberty between ages 9 and 14 (436, 529). The reasons for earlier menarche in girls are not well understood. Most of the change is attributed to better health and nutrition. . . . In North America age at menarche decreased by three to four months each decade after 1850; in 1988 the median age at menarche was 12.5 years among US girls. . . . In some developing countries age at menarche appears to be decreasing even faster. For example, in Kenya average age at menarche fell from 14.4 in the late 1970s to 12.9 in the 1980s.. . .'

"So, . . . it helps to understand the context from within which we assess the lecherous scumbag known as Joseph Smith. We don't know if he had sex with prepubescent children, therefore we don't know if he was truly a pedophile. We don't know if the teenaged girls he married and/or had sex with were sexually mature or not.

"But regardless of whether they were sexually mature or not, something in us is sickened by the thoughts of them being coerced into any kind of relationship with this lecher who was pretending to use God as his motivator.

"Joseph Smith was not the first, nor will he be the last, to prey upon young girls for sexual gratification. And that in no way justifies his actions. But in aiming for accuracy in trying to describe Joseph Smith, there are a lot of words other than pedophile that do the job more saliently and succinctly. . . .

"What one of us as fathers here today, would hesitate for a second to deck [someone] like [Joseph Smith] if he so much as glanced in any of our daughter's directions? I know that my response would be visceral and swift.

"Makes you wonder what kind of men Smith had around him that they would so willingly hand over their young daughters to him. Therein lies the true pathology of Mormonism."

("Joseph Smith, Menses, Pedophilia, Etc.," by "TLC," on "Recovery from Mormonism" bulletin board, 9 August 2003, at: http://www.exmormon.org/mormon/mormon253.htm)

Deconstructor concurs with the above assessment, declaring its findings to be "absolutely correct."

("TLC Is Absolutely Correct; Here's a Repost on This Subject," by "Deconstructor," on "Recovery from Mormonism" bulletin board, 9 August 2003, at: http://www.exmormon.org/mormon/mormon253.htm)

Edited 3 time(s). Last edit at 01/07/2012 06:45PM by steve benson.

up
Re: Oliver Cowdery never retracted his accusation against Joseph Smith of Smith having had an adulterous affair with teenager Fanny Alger. How could he? The raunchy record, please... 

imalive
Re: Oliver Cowdery never retracted his accusation against Joseph Smith of Smith having had an adulterous affair with teenager Fanny Alger. How could he? The raunchy record, please...
If Famnny Alger was pregnant when Emma Smith kicked her out, whatever became of her baby?

steve benson
Did Fanny Alger become pregnant by Joseph Smith and, if so, what became of the baby? . . .
"Chauncy Webb suggested that Emma learned about Joseph’s marriage to Fanny Alger when the girl became pregnant. According to Wilhelm Wyl, who interviewed 'Mr. W,': 'In Kirtland, [Joseph] was sealed there secretly to Fanny Alger. Emma was furious and drove the girl, who was unable to conceal the consequences of her celestial relation with the prophet, out of her house.'

"There is no record that Fanny, in fact, had a child, but Emma’s angry reaction would be consistent with her later behavior under similar circumstances. She obviously did not consider it a genuine marriage. . . .

"There are certainly a number of scenarios (including miscarriage and stillbirth) by which Fanny could have been pregnant but had no child who made it into contemporary records. In 1878, William McLellin told Joseph F. Smith and Orson Pratt: 'Emma Smith told him that Joseph was both a polygamist and an adulterer.' (Joseph Fielding Smith, 'Life of Joseph F. Smith, Sixth President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints' [Salt Lake City, Utah:p. Deseret, 1938. 239]. If Emma made such a statement and if McLellin reported it correctly (he would have been 72 in 1878), then it may mean that Emma accepted Nauvoo plural marriage as 'polygamy,' but rejected Joseph’s Kirtland relationship with Alger, calling it 'adultery.'"

("Joseph Smith's Polygamy: The Joseph Smith-Fanny Alger Relationship--A Brief History," at: http://www.josephsmithspolygamy.com/FannyAlger/MASTERFannyAlger.html)
_____

Mormon historian Todd Compton, in his book, "In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith" (Salt Lake City, Utah: Signature Books, 1997, p. 35), concludes that Smith likely had sex with Alger, got her pregnant and that:

--Fanny miscarried,

--the baby was born but died prematurely, or

--the baby was raised under a different identity:

"[Chauncy] Webb acknowledges that this was a fully sexual union. Since there is no record of Fanny having a child, either Webb was mistaken (though that seems unlikely, if Fanny lived in his home after leaving the Smith home), the child was miscarried or died young, or it was raised under another name. Without futher documentation, there is no way of knowing."
_____

Don Bradley, an LDS history specialist, presented a paper at the August 2010 Sunstone Symposium entitled, "Dating Fanny Alger: The Nature, Timing and Consequences of an Early Polygamous Relationship."

Bagley summed up his paper's thesis as follows:

"Fanny Alger left Joseph and Emma Smith�s home pregnant, under Emma�s wrath, and in the middle of the night. The incident set Kirtland on fire with rumors of the prophet�s adultery�or was it polygamy? Some scholars have argued that the relationship was an 1835 affair, too early for polygamy, others that it was an 1833 marriage. Which of these theories is right? Or are they all they wrong together? I will piece together what happened the night Fanny was evicted, what consequences followed, and when all this occurred, illuminating Joseph and Fanny's relationship and other longstanding enigmas."

(Don Bradley, abstract of paper, "Dating Fanny Alger: The Nature, Timing, and Consequences of an Early Polygamous Relationship," delivered at "Sunstone 2010 Symposium and Workshops, Salt Lake City, Utah, 7 August 2010, at: https://www.sunstonemagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/SLC10-final-...)

Bagley's presentation was later summarized thusly:

"Bradley tried to pin down when the 'affair' happened. Apparently, Emma discovered Joseph and Fanny late at night in the barn. According to Bradley, Alger appeared pregnant. Emma threw a fit, and threw Alger out of the house. (Apparently Alger had been working as a sort of nanny).

"The discovery of the relationship by Emma probably dates to the summer or fall of 1835. Bradley recounted several people who have tried to pin down the date, and noted problems with each date. Some authors have discussed an “embarrassing” incident of polygamy in August 1835. Joseph left for Pontiac, Michigan, possibly to avoid embarrassment for his role. On October 14, 1835, Joseph describes 'dealing with household issues,' possibly a reference to evict Fanny. However, Mark Ashurst-Mcgee suggests this incident refers not to Fanny, but a problem with employees at the printing office.

"Fanny left Kirtland in August or September 1836, so the incident must have occurred prior to that. Bradley notes that dissenters condemned Joseph on July 24, and Joseph left for Salem, Massachusetts, for a treasure trip the next day on July 25.

"Bradley believes Joseph sent Fanny to Missouri at the same time. William McLellin gave his famous quote about having 'no confidence' in Church leadership around this time as well. Fanny soon married non-member Solomon Custer after just a six-week courtship. Bradley believes it may have been a cover of legitimacy if Fanny was indeed pregnant."

("Sunstone 2010--A Feminist Recap," by "Mormon Heretic," 17 August 2010, at: http://mormonmatters.org/2010/08/17/sunstone-2010-a-feminist-recap/)

For more information, see Bradley's research on polygamy entitled, "Mormon Polygamy Before Nauvoo?: The Relationship of Joseph Smith and Fanny Alger," in "The Persistence of Polygamy: Joseph Smith and the Origins of Mormon Polygamy," Newell G. Bringhurst and Craig L. Foster, ed. (Independence, Missouri: JohnWhitmerBooks, 2010), at: http://www.amazon.com/Persistence-Polygamy-Joseph-Origins-ebook/dp/B004G...)

Edited 17 time(s). Last edit at 01/07/2012 08:58PM by steve benson.

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